Hybrid Law tracks laws concerning ownership of hybrid cats and dogs in the United States, and where possible other countries. Legislation is listed by state and may include county and city.
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Vermont regulates wolf hybrid as domestic dogs, cat hybrids are considered domestic if F4 generation. The statutes attached pertain to hybrid species.
Col. Robert J. Rooks
Vt. Fish & Wildlife
Director of Law enforcement
|Animal Group||Order||Suborder||Family||Genus||Species||Common Name(s)|
|Mammals*||Carnivora||Feliformia||Felidae||All wild-domestic hybrid cats of F4 generation or greater|
Title 20: Internal Security and Public Safety
Chapter 193: DOMESTIC PET OR WOLF-HYBRID CONTROL
20 V.S.A. 3549. Domestic pets or wolf-hybrids, regulation by towns
TITLE 20 Internal Security and Public Safety PART VIII Animals
CHAPTER 193. DOMESTIC PET OR WOLF-HYBRID CONTROL
Subchapter I. General Provisions
3549. Domestic pets or wolf-hybrids, regulation by towns
The legislative body of a city or town by ordinance may regulate the keeping of domestic pets or wolf-hybrids and their running at large. (Added 1967, No. 300 (Adj. Sess.), 1, eff. March 20, 1968; 1993, No. 213 (Adj. Sess.), 6, eff. June 15, 1994.)
State of Vermont
Department of Fish and Wildlife
Regulation # 881, Governing the importation and possession of wild animals
1.1 This rule is adopted pursuant to 10 V.S.A. 4081 (a) and (b) which authorizes the Board to carry out the purposes of protecting the states wildlife, and 10 V.S.A.4709 which regulates the importation and possession of wild birds and animals in the state and establishes a permit application fee, and 10 V.S.A.4152 establishes scientific and education collection permits.
3.1 Wild Animals or Wildlife - All animals, including mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles, excluding fish and those animals defined by the secretary of agriculture food and markets by rule as pets and those defined as domestic under paragraph 3.2 of this rule. Included in this definition is any part, product, egg, offspring, dead body, or part of the dead body of any such wildlife. Wildlife includes all subspecies of wildlife and any other group of wildlife of the same species, the members of which may interbreed when mature, including any hybrid species except wolf-hybrids. Wild animals taken or possessed, or reared in captivity remain wild animals and are not domestic or tame animals.
3.2 Domestic Birds and Animals - The department shall provide a list of domestic animals and shall update the list as needed, adding or deleting animals as necessary. The list shall be available on the department web site, from the departments headquarters and from the departmentïs district offices. The list shall also be made available to the media as much as practicably possible to provide maximum notice to the public.
4.0 Importation or possession of wild animals
4.1 Except as otherwise provided by law, it is unlawful for any person to bring into or possess in the State of Vermont any live wild animal, or live ovum or semen thereof, of any kind, unless upon application in writing, the person obtains from the commissioner a permit to do so; or the species of animal, ovum, or semen is listed as a Domestic Bird or Animal, Domestic Pet, or Unrestricted Wild Animal.
5.1 Dealers Permit...
All commercial dealers in Vermont, including, but not limited to pet shop owners, persons raising frogs for sale as institutional experimental animals, and all persons who import, export, and/or sell wild birds and animals must first obtain a valid Dealerï¿½ï¿½ï¿½s Permit from the department.
5.2 Importation and Possession
Except as provided herein, the Commissioner shall not issue a permit for the keeping or possession of any wild animal in captivity, except for bona fide scientific or educational purposes as permitted by (Title 10 V.S.A.4152).
For purposes other than importation and possession for bona fide research and educational purposes, the Commissioner shall not issue a permit unless it has been determined that the wild animal or wildlife proposed to be brought into or possessed in the state does not conflict with the purpose of this regulation. The Commissioner shall establish a list of Unrestricted Wild Animals that do not conflict with the purpose of this regulation, ï¿½ï¿½are commonly sold in the pet trade, and do not require an Importation and Possession Permit from the Department. The Unrestricted Wild Animals List will consist of those species that are determined to be no threat to the states native wildlife, minimal threat to human health and safety, and suitable as pets for the residents of the state. This list is expected to be revised periodically by the Commissioner depending on recent pet trade trends, disease, and health issues. The list shall be posted on the department web site and made available at the departmentï¿½ï¿½ï¿½s central and district offices.
5.3 Scientific and Educational Collection
In accordance with Title 10 V.S.A. ï¿½ï¿½4152, the Commissioner may issue permits to collect birds, their nests and eggs and wild animals, or their parts thereof, for public scientific research, educational purposes, art, or photography.
5.4 Commercial Collection
Any person who collects any wild animal within the boundaries of the state of Vermont and sells said wild animal must obtain a Commercial Collection Permit from the department.
5.5 Temporary Exhibition
Any person importing or possessing any wild animal for the purposes of temporary exhibition must obtain from the Commissioner a permit to do so; unless the species is listed as a Domestic Bird or Animal, Domestic Pet, or Unrestricted Wild Animal.
5.6 Propagation Licenses
Any person breeding and propagating wild birds and animals in accordance with 10 V.S.A.5207 must obtain from the Commissioner a license to do so; unless the species is listed as a Domestic Bird or Animal, Domestic Pet, or Unrestricted Wild Animal.
6.0 Permit Applications
6.1 Applications for a permit for importation and possession, scientific and educational collection, commercial collection,ï¿½ï¿½ temporary exhibition, or propagation must be complete and submitted to the department on an application form to be provided by the department. For an application to be complete, it must be legible, must contain all of the information requested by the department, shall contain no false statements, must bear the applicants official signature, and must be accompanied by the required application fee.
7.1 Any person permitted to import, possess, or collect wild animals shall provide adequate facilities as required by the Commissioner. Conditions may be imposed that require specific conditions for captivity or exposure to humans (e.g., prohibit the touching of wild animals by any person other than the permit holder).
8.1ï¿½ï¿½ Persons holding a permit for dealer, importation and possession, scientific and educational collection, commercial collection, or temporary exhibition shall allow inspection at reasonable times of their premises, facilities, records and wild animals by a State Game Warden, or other department representative.
8.2 If upon inspection, a wild animal is not being kept as required by the conditions of the permit, or the presence of disease has been determined, destruction of the wild animal may be required by the Commissioner.
9.1 Any wild animal that is taken, imported or possessed in violation of this regulation, or is kept in violation of any permit issued may be confiscated and disposed of in accordance with Title 10 V.S.A. ï¿½ï¿½4513. Permit violations and violations of Part 4 of Title 10 may result in the revocation of the permit.
Disclaimer: Please check all local, city, county, township, homeowners' ordinances in your area first before acquiring any hybrid or exotic animals.
ordinances and regulations from all levels of government affect the
ownership of exotic and hybrid animals. It is strongly recommended that
county and city laws, and homeowners association rules be researched
prior to buying or selling any hybrid animal.
This list was compiled using government websites, citizen and law enforcement reports, field sources and news reports.
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